Alva Alto

阿尔瓦·阿尔托(1898-1976)是芬兰现代建筑师,人情化建筑理论的倡导者,同时也是一位设计大师及艺术家。

1947年阿尔瓦·阿尔托获美国普林斯顿大学名誉美术博士学位,1955年阿尔瓦·阿尔托当选芬兰科学院院士。1957年获英国皇家建筑师学会金质奖章,1963年阿尔瓦·阿尔托获美国建筑师学会金质奖章。

Alva alto (1898-1976) is the modern architect of Finland, the advocator of humanized architecture theory, and also a design master and artist.

In 1947, Alva alto was awarded the honorary doctor of arts degree of Princeton university in the United States. In 1955, Alva alto was elected as an academician of the Finnish academy of sciences. In 1957, he was awarded the gold medal of the royal institute of architects. In 1963, Alva alto was awarded the gold medal of the American institute of architects.


阿尔瓦阿尔托主要的创作思想是探索民族化和人情化的现代建筑道路。他认为工业化和标准化必须为人的生活服务,适应人的精神要求。阿尔托的创作范围广泛,从区域规划、城市规划到市政中心设计,从民用建筑到工业建筑,从室内装修到家具和灯具以及日用工艺品的设计,无所不包。简洁、实用是芬兰设计的特点,构思奇巧是芬兰设计的精髓。芬兰人特别擅长利用自然资源达到设计目的。Alvar Aalto开辟了家具设计的新道路,在30年代创立了"可弯曲木材"技术,将桦树巧妙地模压成流畅的曲线。阿尔托将多层单板胶合起来,然后模压成胶合板,这些实验创造了当时最具创新的椅子。


The main creative idea of alva alto is to explore the modern construction road of nationalization and humanity. He believed that industrialization and standardization must serve the people's life and adapt to the spiritual requirements of people.The creation of a wide range, from regional planning and design of urban planning to the city center, from civil building to industrial buildings, from interior design to the design of the furniture and lamps and lanterns, and daily crafts, everything. Simplicity and practicality are the characteristics of Finnish design, which is the essence of Finnish design. Finns are particularly good at using natural resources for design purposes. Alvar Aalto pioneered a new way of furniture design, creating "flexible wood" technology in the 1930s that cleverly molded birch trees into smooth curves. The experiments created the most innovative chairs of the time, when alto glued the layers together and molded them into plywood.

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